Explanation of the term 'non-offset arbitrage'

2023-07-14
Summary:

Non-offsetting arbitrage provides investors with an opportunity to earn profits in a low-risk manner. By participating in multiple markets or instruments simultaneously, investors can utilize price differences or mismatched opportunities for arbitrage.

Non-offset arbitrage is a trading strategy that utilizes price differences or mismatches between different markets, assets, or financial instruments to obtain risk-free profits. It profits from price differences or mismatched market conditions by simultaneously engaging in mutual hedging or compensating transactions.

The core idea of this strategy is to utilize the incomplete efficiency of the market, which means that the market does not fully reflect all relevant information, resulting in price mismatches. Non-offsetting arbitrage involves simultaneously participating in multiple markets or multiple instrument transactions to take advantage of price differences or mismatched opportunities for arbitrage trading.


Non-offset arbitrage is usually divided into two main types: pricing arbitrage and market arbitrage.


Pricing arbitrage refers to achieving profits by buying low-priced assets or tools and selling higher-priced assets or tools. This arbitrage strategy is based on the different prices of identical or similar assets in different markets. For example, if the price of a stock in the A market is 100 yuan and the price in the B market is 110 yuan, investors can buy the stock in the A market and sell it in the B market, obtaining a profit of 10 yuan from it.


Market arbitrage refers to the realization of profits by buying a certain asset or tool in one market and selling similar assets or tools in another market. This arbitrage strategy is based on price differences between related assets or tools in different markets. For example, assuming that the price of gold in the domestic market is $1000 per ounce and in the international market is $1100 per ounce, investors can buy gold in the domestic market and sell gold in the international market, earning a profit of $100 from it.


The success of non-offsetting arbitrage requires rapid and accurate identification of price differences or mismatches and timely execution of operations, as these differences are usually short-lived. In addition, in order to minimize the risk of arbitrage trading, investors usually use leverage and a large amount of funds for trading.


Although non-offsetting arbitrage is theoretically risk-free, there are still some risks in practical operation. The main risk among them is market risk, which means that price differences or mismatches may change or disappear between transaction executions. In addition, operational risk, Liquidity risk, legal risk, and other factors may also have an adverse impact on non-offsetting arbitrage.


In short, non-offsetting arbitrage is a strategy of using price differences or mismatches for arbitrage trading. It utilizes the incomplete efficiency of the market to obtain risk-free profits. However, investors need to be cautious when conducting non-offset arbitrage trading and should also have the ability to quickly and accurately analyze prices and execute.

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