What does non-agricultural data mean?

2023-06-22
Summary:

The non-agricultural data reflects the changes in the employment population of the non-agricultural sector in the United States, including industries such as manufacturing, construction, finance, healthcare, education, and retail.

Non-agricultural data refers to the three numerical values of non-agricultural employment, employment rate, and unemployment rate. It is divided into pre-value, expected value, and published value. As the name suggests, it is a data indicator that reflects the employment status of the non-agricultural population in the United States.

NFP

The three data are released at 20:30 Beijing Time (Daylight Saving Time: April October) and 21:30 Beijing Time (Winter Time: November March) on the first Friday of each month. The data is from the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the United States Department of Labor. Non-agricultural data can greatly affect the dollar value of the money market. A vibrant employment report can drive up interest rates, making the US dollar more attractive to foreign investors. Non-agricultural data objectively reflects the rise and fall of the US economy. In recent exchange rates, the US dollar has been extremely sensitive to this data: higher than expected, positive for the US dollar, lower than expected, and negative for the US dollar.


Non-agricultural data can objectively reflect the state of the US economy, thereby reflecting the direction of the US dollar. It also has a significant impact on precious metals and non-US currencies and on the monetary policy of the Federal Reserve. Non-agricultural data often affects the nerves of investors in the foreign exchange market, and major financial institutions have also been making predictions on non-agricultural data.


Nonfarm employment numbers, often referred to as NFP, refer to a type of employment data released by the United States. It can reflect the development and growth of the manufacturing and service industries, and a decrease in numbers represents a reduction in production by enterprises and an economic downturn. When the social economy is relatively fast, consumption naturally increases, and positions in the consumer and service industries also increase. When the number of non-agricultural jobs increases significantly, it indicates a healthy economic situation that should theoretically be favorable for the exchange rate and may indicate higher interest rates, while the potential high interest rates encourage the foreign exchange market to drive more currency appreciation in the country, and vice versa. Therefore, this data is an important indicator for observing the degree and status of socio-economic and financial development. The number of non-agricultural employees is a project in the employment report, which mainly counts the changes in positions outside of agricultural production.


NFP is a type of data related to employment and has a significant impact on the foreign exchange market. Employment data can reflect a country's economic health, and employment and new employment are crucial for traders' expectations of the country's medium- to long-term economy.


Employment is the pillar of national economic growth; an increase in unemployment rates in some countries will in turn affect their economic growth. So traders will also become concerned about the economic health of these countries and start selling their currencies, leading to a weakening of their own currencies against other countries' currencies.


So, if a country's employment data is not at a healthy level, along with other data related to economic growth, it will not be optimistic.

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