# What is the Profit and Loss of Holding Positions?

2023-05-30
Summary:

Position gains and losses refer to the floating gains or losses generated by an investor's current holding of securities or commodities in the market relative to the cost of purchase.

The profit and loss incurred from holding positions contrasts with the profit and loss realized upon closing positions. This is often referred to as book profit or loss, or floating profit or loss. It represents the difference in price between the value of the position held by the trader at the settlement prices on the day of trading closure and the original value of the position. Holding gains and losses are unrealized, meaning they are not recognized as investment income based on the principle of income realization in accounting practices.

However, due to the high-risk nature of futures investment, disclosing this information becomes necessary to provide decision-related insights to users of financial statements. As a result, it can be reflected in the futures investment income account in the future, or a secondary account can be established under futures to delineate the profit and loss of positions from the realized profit and loss of closing positions in futures investment.

The following information is required to calculate the profit and loss of a position:

Purchase price: The purchase price of a security or commodity

Current price: the current market price of Securities or commodities

Number of holdings: The number of securities or commodities held by investors

The following formula can be used to calculate the position's profit and loss:

Position gain/loss = (current price minus purchase price) x holding quantity

For example, if an investor has purchased 100 shares of a company, the purchase price is \$10 per share, and the current market price is \$15 per share, then the position profit and loss of the investor is:

(\$15-\$10) x 100 shares = \$500

Therefore, the investor's current holding profit is \$500. If the current market price is lower than the purchase price, the position profit and loss are negative, indicating a position loss.

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