# Floating margin and fixed margin in forex trading - their difference?

2023-07-31
Summary:

Floating margin is calculated based on market volatility and leverage ratio and varies with market fluctuations, providing investors with greater flexibility. A fixed margin is a fixed amount, and the margin requirement remains unchanged regardless of market conditions.

In foreign exchange trading, margin refers to a portion of funds that investors need to pay to cover potential losses when engaging in leveraged trading. The purpose of margin is to increase the leverage effect of trading, allowing investors to participate in larger transactions with smaller funds.

Floating margin and fixed margin are two different methods of margin calculation. Floating margin is calculated based on the leverage ratio of the transaction and the volatility of the trading variety, while fixed margin is calculated based on the fixed ratio of the trading variety.

Specifically, floating margin is calculated based on the volatility of the trading variety. Different trading varieties have different volatility, so the proportion of floating margin will also vary. Generally speaking, trading varieties with higher volatility requires a higher proportion of margin, while trading varieties with lower volatility requires a lower proportion of margin. This means that investors need to pay more margin when trading volatile varieties to cope with potential loss risks.

In contrast, a fixed margin is calculated based on a fixed proportion of the trading variety. Regardless of the volatility of the trading variety, investors are required to pay a fixed proportion of margin. This means that regardless of the type of trading, investors need to pay the same proportion of margin.

The difference between floating margin and fixed margin lies in the different calculation methods. Floating margin is calculated based on the volatility of the trading variety, which is more flexible and can be adjusted according to market conditions. A fixed margin is calculated based on a fixed ratio and is not affected by market volatility.

When trading first-hand euros or pounds, the calculation formula for the margin is: 100000 units of base currency (euros) ÷ 200 leverage = 500 units of base currency (euros) using the margin. Assuming the current EURGBP exchange rate is 1.1, the margin for the pound at this time is 500 x 1.1 = 550 pounds.

Another difference is that the floating margin model is usually used for leveraged trading, where investors can amplify their trading positions by borrowing funds. The fixed margin model is more commonly used in situations where there is no leverage or low leverage and investors need to pay more of their own funds.

Floating margin can be adjusted according to market conditions, making it more flexible, but it also requires investors to have high risk management capabilities. Fixed margin is relatively stable and suitable for investors with a lower risk tolerance. Regardless of the margin method chosen, investors need to manage risks reasonably and avoid excessive leverage and losses.

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